The situation of Roma women: FRA data analysis

On 18 September, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights is taking part in a panel discussion focusing on the particular situation of Roma women, where it will present data from its Roma pilot survey to a joint public hearing of the European Parliament's LIBE and FEMM Committees on 'The EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies'.

The data covers the four core areas identified in the Framework – education, employment, healthcare and housing – as well as issues such as discrimination, rights awareness and early marriage.

FRA's Roma survey was carried out in close cooperation with the European Commission, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank. It was conducted in 2011 in eleven EU Member States: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, France, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and Spain. A total of 10,811 Roma and 5,508 non-Roma respondents were interviewed face-to-face, providing information on some 61,000 household members.

The survey shows that the overall educational attainment levels of Roma women are increasing in most of the EU Member States covered by the survey. On a more negative note, only 24% of Roma women aged 20–64 years were reported to be in paid employment, compared to 40% of Roma men. In the area of health, Roma women aged 50 or above reported their health status as 'bad' or 'very bad' almost twice as often as non-Roma women (55% and 29% respectively). And almost half (42%) of the Roma households surveyed said were reported as facing severe housing deprivation, which is defined as lacking running water and/or no connection to the sewage system or a sewage tank, and/or electricity. This compares with 12% of the non-Roma households nearby reporting similar conditions.

FRA is working closely with the European Commission and Member States to develop indicators and data collection tools that are sensitive to gender-driven differences and can regularly measure the progress of Roma integration strategies, particularly at local level.

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